Transitional Care Framework
Continuity of care should be provided to offenders from penal or drug institutions to community-based residential facilities such as halfway houses. The transitional care framework under the Halfway House Service Model details the rehabilitation path of an offender, goals, duration, programme and service requirements. The various phases of transitional care and their objectives are briefly described below:
Phase 1: Pre-Placement
The objective of this phase is to build rapport with the clients, engage them in goal setting and develop an Individual Service Plan (ISP) for these clients. Case management with a focus on addressing the needs of the clients and their families with available resources in the community should be provided.
Phase 2: Halfway House-Based Structured Transition
The objective of this phase is to provide intensive therapeutic experience for the clients, focusing on goal attainment, self-esteem, understanding of self and re-entry issues, and cognitive learning in a supportive family/community atmosphere. Case management should continue with a shift towards preparing clients for work and family reconciliation.
Phase 3: Work-Based Transition
The objective of this phase is to prepare the clients’ return to independent living with provision of new skills and goals for the clients, as well as providing linkage to external supports, which includes the family. Case management should continue with a focus on employment/work-related issues, financial management and strengthening of family relationships.
Phase 4: Post-Halfway House Support (Aftercare)
The objective of this phase is to support clients’ return to the community after they are released from the halfway house. Case management should continue with a focus on reinforcing targeted areas to increase clients’ chances of successful reintegration.